ORIGINAL RESEARCH: Evaluation of Sexual Function in Brazilian Women with Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis and Localized Provoked Vulvodynia

Autores: Giraldo, Paulo César *, *Polpeta, Nádia Cristina *, Juliato, Cássia Raquel Teatin *, Yoshida, Laura Pagotto *, Amaral, Rose Luce Gomes do *, Junior, José Eleutério †

* Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, UNICAMP Medical School, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
† Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil

Fonte: In The Journal of Sexual Medicine March 2012 9(3):805-811

Editor: Elsevier Inc.

Resumo: Introduction Recurrent vulvovaginitis is an important trigger for inflammatory processes that in many cases may result in vulvovaginal pain. Vulvodynia, a vulvar disorder, can also cause a lot of pain in the female genitals. The sexual function in women with vulvodynia or recurrent vulvovaginitis will possibly be negatively affected and therefore should be evaluated.
Aim To assess sexual function in women with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) and localized provoked vulvodynia (LPV) in comparison with women without lower genital tract dysfunction.
Methods A 1‐year cross‐sectional study evaluated sexual function in 58 women (11 with RVVC, 18 with LPV, and 29 controls) seen at a university outpatient clinic. Sexual function was assessed by taking into account the results obtained from the application of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire. Kruskal–Wallis, Mann–Whitney, chi‐square, and Fisher’s tests were used for statistical analysis.
Main Outcome Measure FSFI, a validated questionnaire in Portuguese.
Results: There were no significant differences in the three groups with respect to age, marital status, schooling, race, body mass index, contraceptive method, and parity. The FSFI questionnaire total score found was 25.51 (±5.12), 21.17 (±5.15), and 29.56 (±3.87) for the RVVC, LPV, and control groups, respectively. The scores were significantly statistically lower in the study groups compared with the control group (P < 0.05). Women with RVVC and LPV also had lower total scores compared with 26.55 values, considered a cutoff score for sexual dysfunction in literature. The LPV group showed a significant difference and scored worse in the domains of arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain but not in the domain of sexual desire. The same occurred with the RVVC group but only for the domains of orgasm and satisfaction.
Conclusion Women with RVVC and LPV had significantly more symptoms of sexual dysfunction than women without lower genital tract diseases. Giraldo PC, Polpeta NC, Juliato CRT, Yoshida LP, Amaral RLG, and Junior JE. Evaluation of sexual function in Brazilian women with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis and localized provoked vulvodynia. J Sex Med 2012;9:805–811.

Tipo de documento: Article

ISSN: 1743-6095

DOI: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02584.x

Número de acesso: S1743609515339114

Direitos autorais: Copyright © 2011 International Society for Sexual Medicine Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Base de dados: ScienceDirect